Online social networking has evolved rapidly as a strikingly popular interpersonal communication technology. It isn’t at all surprising that this promising technology is experiencing pernicious challenges and issues. What we see is a mirror reflection of changes in how people interact. In effect, the substance and content of their interpersonal communication are clearly visible in the conventions that characterize our socio-cultural behavior; educational practices; and business and financial dealings. As issues including both abuses and constructive uses of online social networking are surfacing, a variety of policy options, strategies, and laws are becoming essential to preventing and minimizing instances of assault on personal safety and security while encouraging the constructive use of online social networking.